On 2 February 1943, the armies of Hitler’s Germany suffered their greatest defeat in World War II at the hands of the heroic people of the Soviet Union led by the Bolshevik Party and Comrade Stalin, at the city of Stalingrad. The military and civilian casualties of this epic struggle that lasted more than 5 months amounted to nearly 2 million people – a mind-boggling figure. The Nazi forces had thrown lakhs of their most tested military forces into their campaign to conquer the socialist Soviet Union. But they were halted at Stalingrad, an industrial city of 500,000 people on the banks of the Volga river, which was the gateway to the rich oil resources of the Caspian region. The rallying cry for the defenders of Stalingrad was Not One Step Back!