Hind Naujavan Ekta Sabha (HNES) organised a discussion on 15th August on the issue of State and revolution. A large number of school and college students, as well as youth workers took part in this discussion. Images of actions in defence of people’s rights and meetings on political issues organised by HNES adorned the walls of the hall.
A militant woman activist of HNES welcomed the participants who had gathered and posed several questions at the outset, like – why are people deprived of their fundamental rights so many years after independence? Political parties that rule the country keep changing but why is that the solutions to our problems are never found irrespective of change in governments? She called on the young audience to participate vigourously in the discussion on these questions.
The programme began with a power point presentation, which explained what the state is, when did it come into being and how did it evolve, what are the main features of the state and how does the Indian state work. It was explained that at a particular stage in the development of human society, when society was divided into a class of exploiters and a class of exploited, the state came into being ostensibly to resolve the contradictions between these two opposing classes. However, the state has at all times, worked in the interest of the economically and politically more powerful class, which imposes its interests on the whole of society. Towards this, the state has two principal agencies – the bureaucracy and the standing army.
The presentation explained that the present Indian state was founded under the aegis of the British colonialists. The state established in 1947 was the state of the Indian capitalists who were groomed by the colonialists. It was the representatives of this class of capitalists and big feudal landlords who wrote our Constitution in 1950. This explains why after so many years of independence and living under the rule of this state and this Constitution, the majority of our people remain victims of poverty, hunger, diseases and every kind of exploitation and oppression.
On the other hand, our country’s biggest monopoly capitalists can be counted on the world’s scale. The presentation explained in detail the role of the parliament, legislative assemblies, judiciary, executive and the police, army and security forces, in the context of the elaboration on the nature of the state.
The army, police and security forces protect the capitalist state and the private property of the capitalists not the working people. This was explained through various examples. The judiciary also works in the interests of the capitalist class. That s why the criminals who commit the most ferocious crimes against the people go scot free for years, while the working people are denied justice even when their rights are violated. When people organise to fight for their rights, the army, police and security forces attack them brutally. Whenever the capitalists feel vulnerable then the mask of democracy is removed. The announcement of emergency and rule by ordinance are stark examples of this.
The ruling capitalist class of our country do not accept the existence of various nations and nationalities. Whenever the peoples of different nations and nationalities take up the struggle for their rights and for fulfilment of their aspirations, the state posits this as a “law and order” issue and brutally suppresses the people in struggle. This point was explained through the elaboration of the problems of the people of Assam, Manipur, and other north-eastern states and Kashmir and how Armed Forces Special Powers Act gives the army and security forces immunity.
The bourgeoisie uses the ballot and the bullet to preserve its rule. The presentation clarified that elections are organised from time to time, in order to fool the people, to keep the illusion of democracy alive. But the people have no right to select their candidates, who are chosen and put up for election by the big political parties of the bourgeoisie. The people have no control over the elected representatives who are not accountable to them at all. The people have no right to remove them from their posts even when they act in violation of the people’s interests.
What kind of democracy is this? Whichever political party comes to power, it makes expansive promises to the people and speaks what the people like to hear, but does exactly what the exploiters, the bourgeoisie, wants. That is why there is no improvement in our situation with a change of government. We have to change the state, we have to eliminate the state of the exploiters, and establish the rule of the working class. Only then will our conditions improve and we will be determining our future.
Many youth asked questions and elaborated on the subject of the presentation. It was clearly brought out that the state is the instrument of the exploiting class, whichever party or coalition constitutes the government. The working class has to put an end to this state and establish its own state, write our Constitution and become the masters of the means of production and natural resources of the country. Taking this message, the youth present at the discussion vowed to carry forward the work under the leadership of HNES.