Bourgeois rule must be replaced by worker-peasant rule!
Build Shram Shakti Morcha in the course of escalating the struggle against globalisation through privatisation and liberalisation!
Statement of the Central Committee of Communist Ghadar Party of India, 12th December, 2013
Results of the recent elections held in five states were announced on 8th and 9th December. Congress Party, the party in charge of the government at the centre and in three of these five states, has managed to survive in power only in Mizoram. It has suffered a steep decline in support in Rajasthan and won only 8 out of 70 seats in Delhi.
BJP has survived in power in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, and replaced Congress Party in Rajasthan. In Delhi no party has a majority. Aam Aadmi Party, a new entrant in the electoral battle, has succeeded in winning more than one-third of the seats, only slightly behind BJP.
About 6,00,000 voters in Rajasthan, an equal number in Madhya Pradesh, 4,00,000 in Chhattisgarh and 50,000 in Delhi voted for “None of the Above” (NOTA), expressing their rejection of all the candidates in the fray. Several villages and tribal communities took this collective decision to express their opposition to the entire electoral process.
These elections were held in conditions of widespread discontent among the workers and peasants with the soaring consumer prices and heightened insecurity of livelihood, growing criminalisation of politics, corruption scandals, state terrorism and frequent organising of communal violence. However, the elections have resulted in only a change of party in some states. There is no change of course; only more of the same.
The economy will remain oriented to fulfil the greed of the biggest capitalists, domestic and foreign. Executive power will continue to be directed by criminal and corrupt parties trained in fooling, diverting and dividing the people so as to preserve bourgeois rule.
The fact that BJP will form the government in three of these five states has been received with joy by the biggest capitalists and speculators of the world, as seen in the immediate jump in stock market prices. Capitalists are rejoicing at the success of their plan of using the people’s anger to discredit the Congress Party and promote the BJP. A majority BJP government headed by Narendra Modi is the preferred arrangement that imperialism and the big bourgeoisie are preparing for 2014, so as to accelerate the anti-worker, anti-peasant and anti-national program of globalisation through liberalisation and privatisation.
Over the past two decades, there have been governments run by all kinds of parties at the centre and in the states. Some swore by Secularism and others by Hindutva. Rival parties took turns in running governments brandishing various deceptive slogans such as “Capitalist reform with a Human Face”, “Shining India” and “Inclusive Growth”. While rival parties and slogans have replaced one another, the official line of the Indian Republic and of public policy has remained one and the same.
Rapid integration with the imperialist system of plunder has been the orientation of the economy and public policy throughout this period. The drive towards globalisation of Indian capital, through privatisation and liberalisation, has been accompanied by state and individual terrorism, communal violence and all kinds of diabolical diversions to prevent workers and peasants from uniting against the economic offensive.
When one party replaces another at the helm, it is like changing the horses that pull the cart. The direction of the cart is not set by the horses, but by the one who sits in the driver’s seat. The monopoly capitalists are in the driver’s seat in the Indian Republic.
The Indian monopoly houses, as well as the Anglo-American and other imperialist interests, decide which party and which leader to promote through the media. The Radia tapes exposed how the monopoly houses influence even the allocation of portfolios, deciding which member of the ruling coalition should head which ministry.
Year after year, the monopoly capitalist houses keep expanding their private empires at home and abroad, more rapidly than the rate of growth of the total social product or GDP. They enrich themselves at the expense of the wellbeing of the toiling majority. The state machinery defends the capitalists and their property, while unleashing force to put down the resistance of workers and peasants. All this carries on irrespective of whether Congress Party or BJP or a Third Front is in power.
The long years of experience with the CPI(M)-led Left Front government in West Bengal showed how a working class party has to compromise and align itself with the bourgeois agenda if it has to survive in power. Implementation of capitalist reforms and collaborating with the corporate land grab led to the majority of workers and peasants turning against CPI(M) in West Bengal.
Elections are presented by the bourgeoisie and its parties as if it is a mechanism for the will of the majority of people to prevail. In reality, elections serve a small minority, the domestic and foreign big capitalists interested in the plunder of India, to sort out their internal contradictions and forge ahead with their imperialist anti-social offensive.
While parties and governments change, the State remains unchanged as the organ of bourgeois rule.
Whenever President’s Rule is declared, as might happen in Delhi at this time, the role of the State machinery reveals itself fully. The bureaucracy, army, paramilitary, police and prisons are all trained to manage the collective affairs of the bourgeoisie and defend its interest, whether or not any party forms a ministry.
The State is an organ to defend the system of exploitation and plunder, using organised and systematic violence to crush all resistance on the part of the exploited workers, peasants, tribal peoples and other oppressed sections.
The State in our country is a continuation and further perfection of the oppressive machinery of British Raj. The centralised bureaucracy headed by English educated officers and the central armed forces organised along communal lines have been retained from colonial times. So have the judicial system, the judges and lawyers with their black coats, the jails and police forces. The “rule of law” remains what the colonialists established, according to which imperialist plunder and capitalist exploitation are legitimate and legal. On the other hand, any resistance on the part of the working people is a “law and order problem” to be crushed by force.
The heroes of Hindustan Ghadar Party called for irreconcilable opposition to the colonial State. Bhagat Singh and other revolutionaries called for the destruction of the colonial British Indian state and the creation of a new state of Hindustan, which would eliminate all forms of exploitation and enslavement. The anti-colonial struggle was betrayed by the big capitalists and big landlords, through their political parties, Indian National Congress and Muslim League. The result of the deal struck by the traitorous bourgeoisie in 1947 is that our society remains stuck with the extremely oppressive and parasitic apparatus of the neo-colonial Indian Republic.
The basic framework of the 1950 Constitution is a continuation of the basic framework of British colonial power, based on the principle of Divide and Rule. The Indian Republic and its fundamental law are designed to keep political power firmly in the hands of the bourgeois class.
The liberation of the peoples of India requires a clean break with the entire legacy of British colonialism, its theories, institutions and “rule of law”. We need to be liberated from this parasitic neo-colonial state. The apparatus of the Old order, wielded by the Indian bourgeoisie to advance its narrow interest, has to be completely destroyed and replaced by a new State, an apparatus of the New order, based on a new Constitution. This is the immediate political task facing the working class and communist movement.
The solution to the problems facing the toiling majority of people requires replacing the neo-colonial State, which is an organ of bourgeois rule, by a new State that would be an organ of worker-peasant rule. With political power in their hands, those who toil can transform the economic system and ensure prosperity and protection for all.
The capitalist class, headed by the monopoly houses of the Tatas, Ambanis, Birlas and others, controls the bulk of the means of social production through a variety of forms, including private and state capitalist ownership. The monopoly capitalists and their agents sit on the Boards of Directors of both state and private financial institutions and decide how the concentrated financial savings of the people should be deployed. They use their control over the principal means of production, and of finance and trade, to pocket an increasing share of the value produced by the workers and peasants. As a result, the share of the social product that accrues to those who toil keeps getting squeezed.
Liberalisation and privatisation further expand the space for capitalist profiteers in all spheres of economic activity and social services, further aggravating the squeeze on the living conditions of the toiling masses.
The solution to the problems of the economy lies in converting capitalist property into socialist state property; and in converting small peasant property in land into large-scale cooperative property through voluntary collectivisation.
Socialist state property means that workers and peasants must be in control of the State. They must ensure that the State defends national wealth and prevents its sale to any private bidder. They must ensure that the State defends the general interest of society and the rights of its members, while outlawing the “right” to exploit the labour of others.
Such a revolutionary transformation of society, from capitalism to socialism, can only be led by the working class. The working class has no private property and therefore nothing to lose and everything to gain from the transition to social ownership of the means of production.
In order to carry out the transition from capitalism to socialism, the working class needs to become the ruling class in alliance with the peasantry. This is not possible within the existing political system of parliamentary democracy and its electoral process. Worker-peasant rule cannot be established within the framework of the existing Indian Republic and its Constitution, which are designed to defend bourgeois rule by dividing and oppressing the toiling majority of people.
The working class needs a new State, an organ of rule by those who labour, in place of the organ of rule by the owners of capital. It must be based on a new Constitution, which will guarantee the rights of the toilers and tillers, of women and of every human being, and the right of every national constituent of the Indian Union to self-determination.
With the strategic aim of establishing a new state power, the power of those who toil, the working class and all progressive forces need to demand and agitate for the election of a Constituent Assembly to formulate a new Constitution for India in this 21st century. We must agitate for immediate political reforms to expand the space for working people to select candidates from among their peers to contest elections to the legislative bodies. We must agitate for people to have the right to select candidates before any election, to propose legislation and the right to recall the one they elect.
With the strategic aim of carrying out the transition from capitalism to socialism, the working class must agitate for immediate measures such as to halt privatisation and liberalisation, and for the nationalisation of banking, insurance and large-scale trade. Removing the private profit motive from the sphere of trade and finance is among the immediate steps needed for arresting the rapid rise in consumer prices. It is the necessary condition for establishing a modern universal Public Distribution System that guarantees adequate supply of all essential consumer goods at affordable prices, as well as assured procurement of peasants’ produce at stable and remunerative prices.
Communists must lead the work of building workers’ unity committees in industrial areas and people’s committees in residential areas, as instruments of political unity of the working people, and as the building blocks of the new state of worker-peasant rule.
Shram Shakti Morcha
Communist Ghadar Party has been working with single-minded commitment to build the united front of all those who toil, against the capitalist-imperialist reform program and accompanying state terrorism, and around the program for the Navnirman of India, with an entirely new Constitution fit for modern times. We call on all communists and all parties of the working class to join this historic work of building the Shram Shakti Morcha.
Communist Ghadar Party participated in the recent electoral battle with the aim of making the people conscious about the necessity for a revolutionary change in the nature of the state and the orientation of the economy. We put forward the program to usher in a superior form of democracy – lok raj – in which sovereignty is vested in the people.
The campaign in Delhi for Lok Raj, supported by Communist Ghadar Party of India, Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist), Mazdoor Ekta Committee and many other organisations, made a significant impact on the consciousness of the working class and broad masses of people. Candidates who belong to the working class boldly agitated for the enforcement of workers’ rights and for punishment of those guilty of communal violence and other attacks on human rights. They agitated for a new Constitution, a new State and political process in which people do not put parties in power, but parties are duty bound to enable the people to exercise power.
The success of the working class campaign in Delhi lies in the new quality it brought into the political atmosphere. The degree of success could and would have been even higher if all the parties of the working class and communist movement had united in this effort.
The central task facing the working class and all its parties and organisations, including trade unions and federations of unions, is to build and strengthen a united political front of those who labour. This Shram Shakti Morcha must be built around the program to reconstitute the Indian Republic and open the path to the revolutionary transition from capitalism to socialism. This is the only real alternative to the program of globalisation, through liberalisation and privatisation.
Let us build and strengthen people’s committees and workers’ unity committees wherever the toiling majority of people live and work!
Let us prepare for the Ghadar of the 21st century, which will overthrow capitalism and liberate our society of the parasitic neo-colonial State, sweep away everything backward and oppressive, eliminate all forms of exploitation and guarantee prosperity and protection for all!
Build Shram Shakti Morcha in the course of escalating the struggle against globalisation through privatisation and liberalisation!
Shramjeevi ka Daur – Lok Raj ki Or – Yeh Ghadar Jaari hai!