March 16, 2016 marked the martydom day of Bhai Ranga Singh and Bhai Balwant Singh. On this day, a hundred years ago, Bhai Ranga Singh kissed the hangmans noose. Exactly a year later, Bhai Balwant Singh was hanged. These two patriots were hanged by the British colonialists for participating in the revolutionary uprising organised by the Hindustan Ghadar Party which was aimed at overthrowing British colonial rule over our beloved motherland.
To commemorate this solemn occasion, the managing committee of Gurudwara Tapsar, Bakhuha at village Khurdpur organised a ceremony. These two martyrs belonged to this very village. More than 500 people gathered to pay their respect to the memory of these martyrs.
The representatives from Desh Bhagat Yaadgar Committee, Jalandhar, and comrade Dalvinder of Indian Workers Association, UK, addressed the congregation. They paid homage to the courage and ultimate sacrifice made by these martyrs and said that the kind of India these martyrs dreamed off is still evading Indian people.
Comrade Dalvinder said that he felt honoured to take part in these celebrations and thanked the managing committee of the Gurudwara for inviting him. He said that if we look back 100 years, we can find that the similar terrible conditions of exploitation, famines, land grab, heavy taxes, and unemployment existed then as are prevailing today in India. Those conditions forced the peasants from Punjab to look for livelihood in various countries like China, Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaysia. Some of them ventured still further to Canada and America. They faced discrimation and physical attacks in Canada and the US. Appeals to colonial government in Canada and also in Britain for redress to their plight fell on deaf ears. They came to the conclusion that the source of their entire problem was the colonial rule in their motherland and in order to have honourable life either in India or anywhere else they must liberate their country from the clutches of colonial rule and establish their own rule.
Although the Ghadar which was to begin on March 21, 1915 was crushed due to the treachery of some informers but the movement for freedom only got stronger in the following period. It was the period of the First World War and Ghadarites worked to organise revolts in the British Indian army and also fought for the liberation of Iran, China and other countries in the true internationalist spirit.
The success of proletarian revolution in 1917, in Russia, where workers and peasants established their own rule further inspired the ghadaris. Now they set as their aim, establishing the rule of workers and peasants in India, a rule under which there is no exploitation and a life of honour and respect is guaranteed to everyone.
Talking about the present Indian state, speakers pointed out that it employs the same colonial policy of "divide and rule" to safeguard its exploitative rule. It uses the same laws like sedition, which were used against Ghadaris and Shaheed Bhagat Singh and thousands of other martyrs. Then, there were 50,000 British ruling 30 crore Indians and now about 150 monopoly houses at the head of 2 lakh capitalists rule over 125 crore people. Then, the British took all the wealth created by the sweat and brow of Indian labour but now it is taken by big monopoly capitalists.
This state of affairs is not going to change unless the workers and peasants take power into their own hands. Merely changing one management team with another is not going to make any difference. He said the Ghadar of 1915 was the continuation of the First war of India's Independence started in 1857 and it now it is duty of all of us, to carry it through to its final conclusion.