The Great October Revolution, November 1917 remains one the most significant triumph of humanity in its history. It overthrew a barbaric and most backward regime and brought to power the hitherto most oppressed and exploited class, of workers and peasants. It ended one of the bloodiest wars in history – World War-I, and brought peace to the working masses of Russia.
The October Revolution shattered to its very foundation the machinery of the bourgeois state. It erected in its place a new state – a Soviet state that was an organ to ensure the dominance of the working class. For the first time in human history, those who create the wealth is society became its rulers and this class led by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolshevik) established a socialist society that eliminated all exploitation of man by man. Such a new society was capable of guaranteeing sukh and suraksha to all the working people.
The privileged and highly paid bureaucrats were replaced by civil servants who were subject to recall and paid nothing more than skilled workers. The parasitic Tsarist army was replaced by the Red Army, which had emerged and grown in the course of the revolutionary struggle to overthrow the exploiters. The civil servants and soldiers were all under the command of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets. Everything in Russia was revolutionized and modernized and the Soviet Union was created as a union of equal and independent states. The Soviet state emerged as a specific form of the dictatorship of the proletariat, an organ to crush the resistance of the exploiters and do away with all forms of exploitation.
The October Revolution inspired peoples across the world that were in struggle for their emancipation from oppressive colonial occupation and the workers of all lands who were struggling against their own bourgeoisie. Peoples after people were inspired to follow the same path of this Revolution that shook the world.
The Great October Revolution culminated in victory because of the exemplary leadership of the Bolshevik Party. This Party, led by Comrade Lenin, took the most difficult stands on a principled basis at every juncture in the interest of its aim to overthrow capitalism and establish socialism. It was the Bolshevik Party which succeeded in creating the revolutionary consciousness and organization with which the working class could overthrow the exploiters and become the ruling class in Russia. It is because the masses of working people acted as one mighty force along the line indicated by the Party, that they succeeded in taking their exploiters by the throat and overthrowing their rule.
We are marking its 101st anniversary when the imperialists of the world are on a war-mongering course. They have unleashed violence and anarchy across countries, killing thousands and rendering millions homeless. Contradictions between the imperialist powers and between imperialism and the peoples of the world are intensifying. These were the conditions prevailing on the eve of the October Revolution.
In our country, the people are struggling to survive against all-sided attacks on their lives and livelihood. The contradiction between the two classes – the exploiting bourgeois class and the working class is getting more and more acute. On the one hand, there is a majority which is living in miserable conditions, while on the other, is the elite minority who count among the billionaires of the world. This minority is trampling over the rest of society looting and plundering the wealth of the country. In such a situation, the working class and peasantry are increasingly coming out on the streets in defence of their rights and are demanding to have a say in shaping society. They are demanding a change from the existing economic, political and social system that is in deep crisis.
Such a change has to be fundamental. Indian society has to break free from its colonial legacy, from imperialism, from capitalism and from all the remnants of feudalism. Indian society has to be thoroughly renewed. This revolutionary change can only be brought about by communists uniting to lead the working class, peasantry and all the oppressed who are in struggle. Such a vanguard has to be guided by the science of Marxism-Leninism, applied to the conditions of today in India. This is the lesson of the October Revolution. As the Bolshevik Party led by Lenin did at that time, so too the Communist vanguard must squarely look at the present and from its own experience come to the conclusions as to what will take our society out of the crisis it is in.
We have to draw those lessons from history that will help us create the conditions for the victory of revolution in India at the present time. We have to establish a State of dictatorship of the proletariat on Indian soil. That is the relevance of the Great October Revolution to Indian communists and the Indian working class and peasantry.
CGPI celebrated the centenary year (2017) of the Great October Revolution by publishing in its organ, Mazdoor Ekta Lehar, the various stages of struggle of the Bolshevik Party against all-sided attacks from the enemy. These articles are available to the reader@
https://www.cgpi.org/node/5158 - Invaluable lessons of the February Revolution in Russia
https://www.cgpi.org/node/5300 - Invaluable lessons of Lenin's April Theses
https://www.cgpi.org/node/5386 - October Revolution in Russia – 100 years: The July Days – Turning Point of the Revolution
https://www.cgpi.org/node/5542 - The working class of Russia overthrows the rule of the bourgeoisie and establishes its own rule
https://www.cgpi.org/node/5583 - October Revolution - 100 years:
Victory of October Revolution ushered in State of Workers and Peasants in Russia