I am writing in response to the article entitled 'There IS an alternative to the existing political system’ that was published in the March 16-31, 2019 issue of MEL. This is particularly timely as the Lok Sabha elections have been announced as its term has come to an end.
It is a time to ask again what is what in the basic political system of the country, and indeed of the world. It goes without saying, and even the ruling class satraps admit that the present political dispensation in the world has very little to do with the needs and aspirations of the people and indeed that the vast majority of the people are disgusted and disillusioned with the political system.
What these satraps will not admit is that there can be an alternative to the political system. And this is the main point of the article and is worth deliberating upon.
By deliberating on this question one can actually open the doors to a new society. In particular we can point out certain undeniable truths. Irrespective of who comes to power, the governments take care only of the wishes and aspirations of the biggest monopoly houses and do nothing for the people of the country. Furthermore, in the present scenario even war hysteria has had to be whipped up in order to divert the true anger and disillusionment of the vast bulk of the people of the country who are fed up with the problems that face them on a day to day basis.
The main issue is that there is a huge amount of confusion spread about the nature of the political system, stemming from basic constitutional principles, which begins with the illusion that the power in the country lies in the hands of the people. This power allegedly stems from the fact that every so many years elections are conducted. It does not take into account the fact that the decision making power resides only in the government and the cabinet, and that the people neither have the power to really represent their problems nor do they have the power to recall.
Life experience shows that many decisions of the cabinet and of the Prime Minister are disastrous to the people of the country, including recent examples such as the Note Ban of 2016. All activities of the government seek only to enrich a small minority. There are no constitutional mechanisms to prevent the kinds of horse trading and arrangements that go on between the various parties of the ruling circles. The end result of all this is the complete disempowerment of the people and the dictatorship of the ruling circles and some of the big industrial houses and the monopolies.
All policies are dictated by these and the parliament and the government are no more than retainers for these interests. This is an intolerable state of affairs. Unless this is challenged in a principled manner and with the most modern definitions of political rights, the situation will continue even if it means lurching from one crisis to another.
It must be recognized that a radically new system must come into place. The articles explains in detail what are the basic features of such a new system. It describes what kind of a party system needs to come into place, what kind of electoral system, and what are the obligations of the elected bodies such as the legislative assembly and the executive and how they would be held accountable to and by the people. It eliminates the manner in which the ruling circles exercise their control on parties and their policies and the way in which parties are no more than mouthpieces of the ruling circles. Truly enlightened political parties would be the guardians of progress of society and will live up to their historical mission.
Communists today must take up this challenge and spell out the new mandate that the times are crying for. We must pave the path for the rule of the workers and the producers of wealth on which society runs. It is only such a new system that can solve the problems of the polity and of India. I thank you again for this important theoretical contribution and for rising to the challenge of the times.